Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
https://www.revodontolunesp.com.br/article/588017937f8c9d0a098b47d4
Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
Original Article

Etiologia e Freqüência das Injúrias Dentárias Traumáticas em Pacientes do Centro de Traumatismos Dentários da Faculdade de Odontologia de São José dos Campos - UNESP

Etiology and frequency of the dental trauma injuries in patients from Dental Trauma Center in the São José dos Campos School of Dentistry, São Paulo State University

Prata, T.H.C.; Duarte, M.S.R.; Miquilito, J.L.; Valera, M.C.; Araújo, M.A.M.

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Resumo

Este estudo avaliou os dados epidemiológicos e as causas das injúrias dentárias traumáticas dos pacientes que procuraram atendimento no Centro de Traumatismos Dentários (Cetrade) da Faculdade de Odontologia de São José dos Campos – UNESP. Foram avaliados 151 casos de pacientes com registro completo, atendidos no Cetrade de setembro de 1995 a outubro de 1998, observando o trauma mais freqüente, as causas, sexo e idade dos pacientes e dentes mais envolvidos. Os dados foram catalogados e comparados entre si. Verificou-se que 62,91% dos pacientes eram do gênero masculino, e a maior incidência dos traumatismos ocorreu aos 9 anos de idade. A causa mais comum foi queda (48,34%), seguida por queda de bicicleta (22,52%) e golpe (15,89%). O dente mais afetado foi o incisivo central superior (92,8%). Os traumas mais freqüentes foram as fraturas coronárias (42,81%), seguidas de avulsão (25,76%), fratura radicular (7,57%), luxação lateral (7,2%), luxação extrusiva (6,44%), concussão (1,89%), fratura corono-radicular (1,14%) e subluxação (0,76%).

Palavras-chave

traumatismo dentário, epidemiologia, prevenção

Abstract

This study evaluated the epidemiological data of the dental trauma injuries and its main causes. One hundred and fifty one patients with complete files treated at Dental Trauma Center in the São José dos Campos School of Dentistry were examined. The proposition of this investigation was to analyze the most frequent traumas, their causes, the age and gender differences, and the most affected teeth. The results showed that 62.91% of these patients were boys. Fall was the most common cause (48.34%), followed by bicycle fall (22.52%), and blow (15.89%). The upper central incisor was the main affected tooth (92.8%). The most prevalent injuries were crown fracture (42.81%), avulsion (25.76%), root fracture (7.57%), lateral luxation (7.2%), extrusive luxation (6.44%), concussion (1.89%), root/crown fracture (1.14%), and subluxation (0.76%). Tooth trauma at school age, specially in boys, is a common finding.

Keywords

Dental trauma, oral epidemiology, prevention

References



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