Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
https://www.revodontolunesp.com.br/article/doi/10.1590/1807-2577.01423
Revista de Odontologia da UNESP
Original Article

Profile of the impact on the oral health of persons with Parkinson’s disease during the COVID-19 isolation

Perfil do impacto da saúde bucal de pessoas com Parkinson durante o isolamento da COVID-19

Hellen Kevillyn Brito de SOUZA; Jonatas Silva de OLIVEIRA; Crislayne Felix da SILVA; Maria das Graças Wanderley de Sales CORIOLANO; Carla Cabral dos Santos Accioly LINS

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Abstract

Introduction: the Covid-19 pandemic impacted elderly persons with Parkinson’s Disease (PD), influencing their daily activities and quality of life.

Objective: to evaluate the impact on the oral health in people with Parkinson’s Disease during the Covid-19 isolation.

Material and method: the present analytical, quantitative, cross-sectional study uses secondary data sources from 115 health records used in a study carried out from August to December in 2020 through telemonitoring. Sociodemographic aspects and self-perception of quality of life were evaluated using the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) questionnaire. The variables studied in the association were: sex, age, duration of PD, civil status, Covid-19 diagnosis and the use of dental prostheses. The software Statistica 13.2 and the Chi-square (X2) test with a significance level of p<0.05 were used.

Result: after analyzing the database, the final sample consisted of 64 health records that responded to the OHIP-14. 61% were male, with a mean age of 66.6 years, 64% were using dental prostheses, and 74% indicated on the OHIP-14 that they had good oral health self-perception. No significant associations were found among the variables: Age, Sex, Civil Status, Covid diagnosis, Duration of illness, Use of dental prostheses and the OHIP-14 (p>0.05).

Conclusion: it was found that people with Parkinson’s Disease showed a good quality of life, as evaluated using the OHIP-14, and that the Covid-19 isolation did not impact negatively on the oral health.

Keywords

Covid-19, Parkinson’s disease, quality of life, oral health

Resumo

Introdução: a pandemia da Covid-19 impactou idosos que possuem a doença de Parkinson (DP), influenciando nas suas atividades de vida diária e qualidade de vida.

Objetivo: avaliar o impacto da saúde bucal em pessoas com doença de Parkinson durante o isolamento da Covid-19.

Material e método: trata-se de um estudo analítico, quantitativo e de corte transversal, com fontes de dados secundários de 115 prontuários de uma pesquisa que foi realizada no ano de 2020, no período de agosto a dezembro, por meio de telemonitoramento. Avaliou-se os aspectos sociodemográfico e a autopercepção da qualidade de vida utilizando o questionário Perfil de Impacto na Saúde Oral (OHIP-14). As variáveis estudadas na associação foram: sexo, idade, tempo da DP, estado civil, diagnóstico de Covid-19 e uso de prótese dentária. Foi utilizado o software Statistica 13.2 e o teste do Qui-quadrado (X2) com nível de significância de p<0,05.

Resultado: após análise do banco de dados a amostra final constou com 64 prontuários que responderam o OHIP-14. 61% foram do sexo masculino com média de idade de 66,6 anos, 64% faziam uso de prótese dentária, e 74% indicaram ter uma boa autopercepção da sua saúde bucal pelo OHIP-14. Não foram encontradas associações significativas entre as variáveis: Idade; Sexo; Estado Civil; Diagnóstico de Covid; Tempo de doença; Uso de prótese dentária e o OHIP-14 (p>0,05).

Conclusão: verificou-se que pessoas com Parkinson apresentaram uma boa qualidade de vida avaliado pelo OHIP-14 e que o isolamento da Covid-19 não impactou negativamente na saúde bucal.
 

Palavras-chave

Covid-19, doença de Parkinson, qualidade de vida, saúde bucal

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Submitted date:
05/21/2023

Accepted date:
06/06/2023

6501b8dda953954bf948ca54 rou Articles
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